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Pre-contact

bougainville5

BUKA 1890,s

Bougainville has been inhabited for at least 33,000 years.

Its people speak languages belonging to three language families, the northern and southern Bougainville families, whose origins are unknown and presumably ancient, and languages of the Austronesian family, which arrived with the more recent Lapita culture from the west three millennia ago.

Culture still alive and strong today

Culture 1